This Day In History: 0000-08-11
August 10, 1988- “Reparations for Japanese American Internees” “U.S. House of Representatives Resolution 442 was signed into law by President Ronald Reagan, which provided for a payment of $20,000 to each surviving Japanese American who was interned at American camps during the Second World War. It also provided for a $1.25 billion education fund, among other provisions. It sought to address the injuries caused to Japanese Americans by the internment of those citizens during the Second World War. Approximately 110,000 Japanese Americans had to liquidate their assets on three days’ notice and relocate to remote prison camps.”
November 18, 1945 - "Wilma Mankiller, First Female Chief of the Cherokee Nation, is Born"
Wilma Mankiller, who served as the Chief of the Cherokee Nation for ten years from 1985 to 1995, was born in Tahlequah, Oklahoma. In 1985, Mankiller became the first female Chief of the Cherokee Nation. Before serving in this capacity, she served as the deputy chief of the Cherokee Nation for two years, getting elected to the post in 1983. Mankiller became the Chief when Ross Swimmer died in 1985, but was elected to the post in 1987 and then reelected in 1991. Under the U.S. federal policy of Native American self-determination, Mankiller improved federal-tribal negotiations.